Blockades, embargoes and sanctions. Although these tactics are many centuries old, historians say that the first effective blockade was imposed on France by the Royal Navy under Admiral Edward Hawke (1705-1781) during the Seven Year’s War (1754-1763), which Americans know as The French and Indian War.
Both side tried economic warfare during World War One, but the British were far more successful. You can read more in this interesting piece from The Washington Post.
Economic warfare is still part of our daily life. Sanctions and embargoes abound – it’s hard to keep track of all of them.