Commemorating the First World War Centennial in Kansas

Tag: Tonganoxie Community Historical Society (Page 1 of 2)

Kansans of the Great War Era: Stephen Kramer

Stephen Kramer was born on February 27, 1894, near Stranger Creek about 3 miles east of Tonganoxie, KS. He was born into a family of tenant farmers, an occupation that Stephen continued throughout his life.

Stephen was 23-years-old when he enlisted in the army in May of 1917 as one of Harry Truman’s Buglers. Stephen’s artillery unit saw considerable action in the war. He served in Battery D of the 129th field artillery unit of the 60th Brigade of the 35th Division, and saw action September 25, 1918 in the Meuse Argonne. On October 10, 1918 he was in the battle of Verdun. ...read more

Aspirin, the Flu Pandemic, and WW1

In 2009 Karen Starko, MD, published a paper where she suggests that aspirin may have played a significant role in the death of people suffering from the 1918 flu.

It wasn’t until the 1960’s that pharmacologists began to seriously study how aspirin worked.  It is a very complicated drug.  In 1968 a graduate of Nebraska School of Pharmacy told me that if Aspirin were to come on the market today it probably would not be over-the-counter. ...read more

The 1918 Flu Pandemic and World War I. Part 1: Where did it Begin?

The outbreak of flu in 1918 was the most destructive disease to strike the world.  500 million people got the flu and 50 to 100,000,000 died.  In the United States 675,000 people died.  The flu easily killed more soldiers than the war.

Neither the Axis nor the Allied forces reported information on the flu.  It was and still is very difficult to accurately determine just how the soldiers on both sides were affected. This information was secret, and neither side wanted the other side to know how weakened their military capabilities had become because of the flu. At the end of the war the U. S. Navy reported that 40% were inflicted with the flu virus, and the U.S. Army reported that 36% had the flu. But it seems likely that these figures are not accurate. Many flu victims never went to the hospital where they would have become a statistic. Some of these flu victims of the initial outbreak were probably not very sick. ...read more

Charles “Jack” Hoey-WW1-The Zimmerman Telegraph

“Jack” Hoey joined the United States Army on April 3, 1917 at Ft. Leavenworth. He trained at Camp Funston, in Kansas. He was a bugler in Co. E of the 35 Infantry and a qualified sharpshooter. The 35th Infantry Division Served on the Mexican-US border during the first World War and was stationed at Nogales, Arizona in 1918. It fought a border skirmish on 27 August 1918 during the Battle of Ambos Nogales. Except for his initial military training, Jack spent his entire military career on the Mexican/U.S. border. ...read more

Conscientious Objector: Herbert Nickson Baker

In 1862 Henry Baker settled SE of Tonganoxie near Stranger Creek.   He was a Quaker from England who came to Tonganoxie via New York.  The location for his new  home had two criteria.  There needed to be a Quaker Church and a good farm with rich farmland.  Henry arrived in Tonganoxie in mid-January, and noticed the farmers were farming in their shirt sleeves.  He decided this was the place to call home. ...read more

WW1 Diseases of the Trenches. Part 3: Trench Mouth

Trench Mouth is a disease of sudden onset, with necrosis of the gingival papilla and ulcers seen around the gingival tissues of the mouth.  It is extremely painful with fetid breath. It is so painful that it becomes difficult to eat. The gum tissue is swollen, red and bleeds easily. The disease in called Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis. The disease represents a group of various normal oral bacteria that becomes overgrown with a significant quantity of anaerobic bacteria, Spirochetes and Fusobacteria. Historically it was believed to be contagious, even though it is not. ...read more

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