Here’s another link, this to The Turkish Cultural Foundation, where you can read a 98 page history of the entire Dardenelles Campaign written by Dr. Recep Boztemur of the Middle East Technical University, Ankara. Of particular interest are the discussions of why the Ottoman army never used gas and their use of female volunteer soldiers, particularly as snipers.
James (“Jim”) Patton BS BA MPA is a retired state official from Shawnee, Kansas and a frequent contributor to several WW1 e-publications, including "Roads to the Great War," "St. Mihiel Tripwire," "Over the Top" and "Medicine in the First World War." He has spent many hours walking the WW1 battlefields, and is also an authority on British regiments and a collector of their badges.
An Army Engineer during the Vietnam War, he does work for the US World War 1 Centennial Commission and is affiliated with the WW1 Historical Association, the Western Front Association, the Salonika Campaign Society and the Gallipoli Association.
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